Recently, a study by the GMU’s (George Mason University) College of Health and Human Services discovered that adults who had UCD (undiagnosed celiac disease) had lesser bone density compared to the adults without UCD, though they intake more phosphorous and calcium. Reportedly, CD (celiac disease) is an autoimmune disease that is activated by eating gluten and people having it are mostly unidentified. This is the first known research on the bone health of American adults having untreated UCD. Lara Sattgast, Dr. Margaret Slavin, Dr. Sina Gallo, and Dr. Cara Frankenfeld led the research and it was published in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition.
They reported adults having UCD had poor bone density in their femur necks and thighbones. The femur neck is the top of the femur and most ordinary site for hip fractures. Sattgast explained, “Our research findings showed that poor bone density amongst adults having UCD is not an outcome of their diets and indeed, they absorbed more nutrients and calories than the control/standard group. This could mean that these adults were not properly absorbing nutrients.” The study utilized statistics from the NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) amid 2009–2014, counting its dietary ingredients—WWEIA (What We Eat in America).
On a similar note, recently, a study stated that micronutrient deficiencies are common during the diagnosis of CD. The micronutrient deficiencies—including vitamins D and B12, plus zinc, folate, iron, and copper—are normal in adults at the time of identification with CD. According to a review by researchers from Mayo Clinic, these deficiencies must be addressed at that time. The study also discovered that weight loss and low body weight, which are normally linked with CD, were less common. The weight loss was reported in just 25.2% of patients and the average BMI (body mass index) was stated as overweight. The study was published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings.