The visual brain of human devotes the majority of its neuronal resources to churn out the portion of the visual scenario that we view with both eyes. To attain this objective, afferents from the 2 eyes in visual space showing the same binocular point become close fellows in the main visual cortex, the visual input’s first cortical recipient. In return, the main visual cortex assigns its neuronal resources carefully to show stimuli inside every binocular point as professionally as achievable. The main visual cortex of different species attains this objective with the help of different methods.
In macaques and humans, the cortex divides the visual space map in intercalated couples of stripes for the right and left eyes creating a Zebra pattern. The cortex in carnivores divides the map in splashes creating a Dalmatian pattern. In lagomorphs and rodents, the two eyes’ afferents mix and do not create any particular pattern. For years, the origin of these varied ocular cortical patterns stayed a controversial mystery.
In a latest research that will be posted in the Journal of Neuroscience, scientists found proof that patterns for ocular dominance are varied due to the fact that quantity of cortex accessible to show each binocular point differs extremely all over species and separate animals of the similar species. In humans, the main visual cortex assigns huge cortical rectangles to show every binocular point, permitting the two eyes’ afferents to create stripes going parallel down the rectangle’s shortest axis.
On the other hand, the cortex in cats assigns smaller squares of cortex to show every binocular point and the afferents are limited to create blob patterns. Lastly, the cortex in mice is very small and a handful of afferents showing the same binocular point combine and create no particular pattern.